Technical Notes

Technical Notes on Brick Construction are FREE bulletins from the Brick Industry Association that contain design, detailing, and construction information based on the latest technical developments in brick masonry. Drawings, photographs, tables, and charts illustrate appropriate topics.

Technical Notes on Brick Construction are recommendations on the use of fired clay brick. They are explicitly written for fired clay brick which are manufactured:

    1)  from clay, shale, or similar naturally-occurring earthy substances, and
    2)  with a firing process that creates a fired bond between the particles of the brick.

The properties of fired clay brick and the clay brick masonry made from them were used to establish the recommendations in these Technical Notes.  Using these recommendations with other products that are not manufactured as outlined above may not result in the same performance associated with fired clay brick masonry. Further, use of these Technical Notes for the design, installation, and maintenance of construction built with other products may in fact be detrimental to those products and the building on which they are installed. Thus, BIA and VMA do not advise the use of these recommendations with other products, including but not limited to those claiming to be similar to fired clay brick products such as “fly ash” brick, concrete brick, and other unfired or non-clay brick.

 

 

Hot and Cold Weather Construction - 1
tn1.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [316.6 KB]
Glossary of Terms Relating to Brick Construction - 2
TN2.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [106.2 KB]
Overview of Building Code Requirements for Masonry Structures - 3
TN3.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [183.3 KB]
Brick Masonry Material Properties - 3A
TN3A.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [172.7 KB]
Brick Masonry Section Properties
TN3B.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [385.9 KB]
Heat Transmission Coefficients of Brick Masonry Walls - 4
TN4.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [320.6 KB]
Energy Code Compliance of Brick Masonry Walls - 4B
TN4B.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [415.3 KB]
Sound Insulation - Clay Masonry Walls - 5A
TN5A.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [147.1 KB]
Painting Brick Masonry - 6
TN6.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [130.9 KB]
Colorless Coatings for Brick Masonry - 6A
TN6A.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [240.7 KB]
Water Penetration Resistance - Design and Detailing - 7
TN7.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [206.5 KB]
Water Penetration Resistance - Materials - 7A
TN7A.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [86.6 KB]
Water Penetration Resistance - Construction and Workmanship - 7B
TN7B.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [583.0 KB]
Mortars for Brickwork - 8
TN8.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [62.2 KB]
Mortars for Brickwork - Selection and Quality Assurance - 8B
TN8B.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [116.4 KB]
Manufacturing of Brick - 9
TN9.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [273.8 KB]
Specifications for and Classifications of Brick - 9A
TN9A.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [122.5 KB]
Manufacturing, Classifications and Selection of Brick - Part 3 - 9B
TN9B.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [198.1 KB]
Dimensioning and Estimating Brick Masonry - 10
tn10.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [201.9 KB]
Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry - Part 1 - 11
tn11.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [83.4 KB]
Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry - Part - 11A
TN11A.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [91.3 KB]
Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry - Part 3 - 11B
TN11B.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [112.3 KB]
Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry - Part 4 - 11C
TN11C.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [81.1 KB]
Guide Specifications for Brick Masonry - Part 5 - 11E
TN11E.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [88.2 KB]
Ceramic Glazed Brick Exterior Walls - 13
TN13.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [440.3 KB]
Paving Systems Using Clay Pavers - 14
TN14.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [421.9 KB]
Paving Systems Using Clay Pavers - 14A
TN14A.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [361.3 KB]
Pavers on a Bituminous Setting Bed - 14B
TN14B.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [297.5 KB]
Paving Systems Using Clay Pavers in a Mortar Setting Bed - 14C
tn14c.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [372.3 KB]
Accessible Clay Brick Pavements - 14E
TN14E.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [4.9 MB]
Salvaged Brick - 15
TN15.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [154.4 KB]
Fire Resistance of Brick Masonry -16
TN16.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [144.8 KB]
Reinforced Brick Masonry - Introduction - 17
TN17.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [206.1 KB]
Reinforced Brick Masonry -Materials and Construction -17A
TN17A.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [257.8 KB]
Reinforced Brick Masonry - Beams - 17B
TN17B.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [233.5 KB]
Reinforced Brick Masonry - Girders - 17M
TN17M.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [242.1 KB]
Volume Changes - Analysis and Effects of Movement - 18
TN18.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [715.0 KB]
Accommodating Expansion of Brickwork - 18A
TN18A.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [324.9 KB]
Residential Fireplace Design - 19
TN19.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [299.1 KB]
Residential Fireplaces - Details and Construction - 19A
TN19A.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [215.7 KB]
Residential Chimneys - Design and Construction - 19B
TN19B.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [256.5 KB]
Contemporary Brick Masonry Fireplaces - 19C
TN19C.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [830.2 KB]
Brick Masonry Fireplaces - Part 1, Russian-Style Heaters - 19D
TN19D.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [325.0 KB]
Brick Masonry Fireplaces - Part 2, Fountain and Contemporary Style Heaters - 19E
TN19E.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [363.4 KB]
Cleaning Brickwork - 20
TN20.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [51.2 KB]
Brick Masonry Cavity Walls - 21
TN21.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [372.6 KB]
Brick Masonry Cavity Walls - Selection of Materials - 21A
TN21A.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [311.6 KB]
Brick Masonry Cavity Walls - Detailing - 21B
TN21B.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [347.5 KB]
Brick Masonry Cavity Walls - Construction - 21C
TN21C.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [191.0 KB]
Stains - Identification and Prevention - 23
TN23.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [462.4 KB]
Efflorescence - Causes and Prevention - 23A
TN23A.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [273.3 KB]
The Contemporary Bearing Wall - 24
TN24.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [236.3 KB]
The Contemporary Bearing Wall - Introduction to Shear Wall Design - 24C
TN24C.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [455.3 KB]
The Contemporary Bearing Wall - Construction - 24F
TN24F.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [390.9 KB]
The Contemporary Bearing Wall - Detailing - 24G
TN24G.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [137.2 KB]
Single Wythe Bearing Walls - 26
TN26.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [490.0 KB]
Brick Masonry Rain Screen - 27
TN27.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [161.6 KB]
Brick Veneer / Wood Stud Walls - 28
tn28.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [523.8 KB]
Adding Brick Veneer to Existing Construction - 28A
TN28A.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [271.6 KB]
Brick Veneer / Steel Stud Walls - 28B
TN28B.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [146.2 KB]
Thin Brick Veneer - 28C
TN28C.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [1.9 MB]
Brick in Landscape Architecture - Pedestrian Applications - 29
TN29.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [167.0 KB]
Brick in Landscape Architecture - Garden Walls - 29A
TN29A.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [238.8 KB]
Brick in Landscape Architecture - Miscellaneous Applications - 29B
TN29B.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [359.2 KB]
Bonds and Patterns in Brickwork - 30
TN30.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [211.6 KB]
Brick Masonry Arches - 31
TN31.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [347.9 KB]
Structural Design of Brick Masonry Arches - 31A
TN31A.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [555.1 KB]
Structural Steel Lintels - 31B
TN31B 7.18.12.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [2.7 MB]
Structural Design of Semicircular Brick Masonry Arches - 31C
TN31C.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [226.0 KB]
Brick Masonry Details - Sills and Soffits - 36
TN36.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [200.1 KB]
Brick Masonry Details - Caps, Copings, Corbels and Racking - 36A
TN36A.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [154.3 KB]
Testing for Engineered Brick Masonry - Brick and Mortar - 39
TN39.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [161.6 KB]
Masonry - Determination of Allowable Design Stresses - 39A
TN39A.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [268.1 KB]
Testing for Engineered Brick Masonry - Quality Control - 39B
TN39B.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [217.4 KB]
Prefabricated Brick Masonry - Introduction - 40
TN40 Revised.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [1.8 MB]
Hollow Brick Masonry - 41
TN41.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [137.1 KB]
Empirical Design of Brick Masonry - 42
TN42.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [146.4 KB]
Passive Solar Heating with Brick Masonry - Part 1 - Introduction - 43
TN43.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [602.3 KB]
Passive Solar Cooling with Brick Masonry - Part 1 - Introduction - 43C
TN43C.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [186.4 KB]
Brick Passive Solar Heating Systems - Part 4 - Material Properties - 43D
TN43D.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [132.3 KB]
Brick Passive Solar Heating Systems - Part 7, Details and Construction - 43G
TN43G.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [277.8 KB]
Anchor Bolts for Brick Masonry - 44
TN44.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [289.7 KB]
Fasteners for Brick Masonry - 44A
TN44A.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [229.5 KB]
Wall Ties for Brick Masonry - 44B
TN44B.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [630.4 KB]
Brick Masonry Noise Barrier Walls - Introduction - 45
TN45.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [558.3 KB]
Brick Masonry Noise Barrier Walls - Structural Design - 45A
TN45A.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [598.1 KB]
Maintenance of Brick Masonry - 46
TN46.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [330.1 KB]
Condensation - Prevention and Control - 47
TN47.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [227.2 KB]
Sustainability and Brick - 48
TN48.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [211.7 KB]
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Virginia Masonry Association